Indian Fiscal Budget 1997-98: EXIM POLICY 1997-2002
3.1 For the purpose of this Policy, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and expressions shall have the meanings attached to them:
3.2 "Accessory" or "Attachment" means a part, sub- assembly or assembly that contributes to the efficiency or effectiveness of a piece of equipment without changing its basic functions.
3.3 "Act" means the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992 (No.22 of 1992).
3.4 "Actual User" means an actual user who may be either industrial or non-industrial.
3.5 "Actual User (Industrial)" means a person who utilises the imported goods for manufacturing in his own industrial unit or manufacturing for his own use in another unit including a jobbing unit.
3.6 "Actual User (Non-Industrial)" means a person who utilises the imported goods for his own use in
(i) any commercial establishment carrying on any business, trade or profession; or
(ii) any laboratory, Scientific or Research and Development (R&D) institution, university or other educational institution or hospital; or
(iii) any service industry.
3.7 "ALC" means the Advance Licensing Committee in the Directorate General of Foreign Trade for recommending grant of licences under Duty Exemption Scheme.
3.8 "Applicant" means the person on whose behalf the application is made and shall, wherever the context so requires, include the person signing the application.
3.9 "Canalisation" of exports and imports means exports and imports only through the agencies designated by the Central Government.
3.10 "Capital Goods" means any plant, machinery, equipment or accessories required for manufacture or production, either directly or indirectly, of goods or for rendering services, including those required for replacement, modernisation, technological upgradation or expansion. Capital goods also include packaging machinery and equipment, refractories, refrigeration equipment, power generating sets, machine tools, catalysts for initial charge , equipment and instruments for testing, research and development, quality and pollution control. Capital goods may be for use in manufacturing, mining, agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, floriculture, horticulture, pisciculture, poultry, sericulture and viticulture as well as for use in the services sector.
3.11 "Competent Authority" means an authority competent to exercise any power or discharge any duty or function under the Act or the Rules and Orders made thereunder or under this Policy.
3.12 "Component" means one of the parts of a sub-assembly or assembly of which a manufactured product is made up and into which it may be resolved. A component includes an accessory or attachment to the component.
3.13 "Consumables" means any item which participates in or is required for a manufacturing process, but does not form a part of the end-product. Items which are substantially or totally consumed during a manufacturing process will be deemed to be consumables.
3.14 "Consumer Goods" means any consumption goods which can directly satisfy human needs without further processing and include consumer durables and accessories thereof.
3.15 "Counter Trade" means any arrangement under which exports/imports from/ to India are balanced either by direct imports/exports from the importing/ exporting country or through a third country under a Trade Agreement or otherwise. Exports/Imports under Counter Trade may be carried out through Escrow Account, Buy Back arrangements, Barter trade or any similar arrangement. The balancing of exports and imports could wholly or partly be in cash, goods and/or services.
3.16 "DEEC" means Duty Exemption Entitlement Certificate issued under Duty Exemption Scheme.
3.17 "Designated Authority" means an officer of the Directorate General of Foreign Trade not below the rank of Deputy Director General of Foreign Trade, for operating the Pass book Scheme.
3.18 "Drawback" in relation to any goods manufactured in India and exported means the rebate of duty chargeable on any imported material or excisable material used in the manufacture of such goods in India. The goods include imported spares, if supplied, with capital goods manufactured in India.
3.19 "EOU" means Export Oriented Unit.
3.20 "EPZ" means Export Processing Zone.
3.21 "Excisable goods" means any goods produced or manufactured in India and subject to a duty of excise under the Central Excises and Salt Act 1944 (1 of 1944) .
3.22 "Exporter" means a person who exports or intends to export and holds an Importer-Exporter Code number.
3.23 "Export House/Trading House/ Star Trading House/ Super Star Trading House" means an exporter holding an Export House/ Trading House/ Star Trading House/ Super Star Trading House certificate issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade.
3.24 "Export Obligation" means the obligation to export the product or products covered by the licence or permission in terms of quantity, value or both, as may be prescribed or specified by the licensing or competent authority.
3.25 "Form" means a form prescribed under the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992, or the Rules and Orders made thereunder or a form provided in the Handbook (Vol.1).
3.26 "Handbook (Vol.1)" means the Handbook of Procedures (Vol.1) and "Handbook (Vol.2)" means Handbook of Procedures (Vol.2) published under the provisions of the paragraph 4.11 of the Policy.
3.27 "Importer" means a person who imports or intends to import and holds an Importer-Exporter Code number.
3.28 "Jobbing" means processing or working upon of raw materials or semi-finished goods supplied to the job worker so as to complete a part or whole of the process resulting in the manufacture or finishing of an article or any operation which is essential for the aforesaid process.
3.29 "Licensing Authority" means the authority competent to grant a licence under the Act/Order.
3.30 "Licensing Year" means the period beginning on the 1st April of a year and ending on the 31st March of the following year.
3.31 "Manufacture" means to make, produce, fabricate, assemble, process or bring into existence, by hand or by machine, a new product having a distinctive name, character or use and shall include processes, such as refrigeration, repacking, polishing, labelling and segregation. Manufacture, for the purpose of this Policy, shall also include agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, floriculture, horticulture, pisciculture, poultry, sericulture, viticulture and mining.
3.32 "Manufacturer Exporter" means a person who exports goods manufactured by him or intends to export such goods.
3.33 "Merchant Exporter" means a person engaged in trading activity and exporting or intending to export goods.
3.34 "Notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette.
3.35 "Order" means Order made by the Central Government under the Act.
3.36 "Part" means an element of a sub-assembly or assembly not normally useful by itself and not amenable to further disassembly for maintenance purposes. A part may be a component or an accessory.
3.37 "Person" includes an individual, firm, society, company, corporation or any other legal person.
3.38 "Policy" means the Export and Import Policy, 1997-2002 as amended from time to time.
3.39 "Prescribed" means prescribed under the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992 (No. 22 of 1992) or the Rules or Orders made thereunder or under this Policy.
3.40 "Public Notice" means a notice published under the provisions of paragraph 4.11 of the Policy.
3.41 "Raw material" means:
(i) basic materials which are needed for the manufacture of goods, but which are still in a raw, natural,unrefined or unmanufactured state; and
(ii) for a manufacturer, any materials or goods which are required for his manufacturing process, whether they have actually been previously manufactured or are processed or are still in a raw or natural state.
3.42 "RALC" means the Regional Advance Licensing Committee in the office of the Regional Licensing Authority.
3.43 "Regional Licensing Authority" means a licensing authority exercising powers in respect of any area or region specified in this behalf by the Director General of Foreign Trade.
3.44 "Registration-cum-Membership Certificate" (RCMC) means the certificate of registration and membership granted by an Export Promotion Council or other competent authority as prescribed in the Policy or Handbook (Vol.1).
3.45 "Rules" means Rules made by the Central Government under section 19 of the Act.
3.46 "SALC" means the Special Advance Licensing Committee in the Directorate General of Foreign Trade for recommending Input- Output Norms to be notified by Director General of Foreign Trade.
3.47 "Service Provider" means a person providing
(i) supply of a service from India to any other country;
(ii) supply of a service from India to the service consumer of any other country in India; and
(iii) supply of a service from India through commercial presence in the territory of any other country.
3.48 "Services" include computer software.
3.49 "SIL" means freely transferable Special Import Licences issued under the Policy.
3.50 "Spares" means a part or a sub-assembly or assembly for substitution, that is ready to replace an identical or similar part or sub-assembly or assembly. Spares include a component or an accessory.
3.51 "Specified" means specified by or under the provisions of this Policy.
3.52 "Wild Animal" means any wild animal as defined in section 2(36) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
3.53 "ZALC" means the Zonal Advance Licensing Committee in the office of Jt.Director General of Foreign Trade at Mumbai, Calcutta, Delhi and Chennai for recommending grant of licences under Duty Exemption Scheme.
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